The project overall purpose is to develop basic and industrial research activities in the field of sustainable mobility, with particular emphasis on Lightweight and Smart structures - embedded, designed, realised and equipped with sensors through the use of I4.0 (LIS4.0) paradigm. The research activity will be enabled by a series of resources that will allow the construction of a new LIS4.0-integrated Laboratory. The acquisition of the equipment and instrumentation will ensure a high competitiveness as for the experimental and calculation tools in order to enhance the quality of the scientific research and strengthen the education system as well as the technology transfer service of DMEC toward the national and international industrial system. More specifically, the LIS4.0-integrated Laboratory will develop multi and interdisciplinary expertise, calculation and simulation tools, smart and state-of-the-art processes, tools and techniques for the functional characterisation with reference to intelligent/functional integrated components and systems – by gaining leverage on the lightweight approach for the transport and sustainable mobility industry.
The aim of the project is to foster the growth of DMEC expertise of the abovementioned scientific and technological fields through a multidisciplinary approach to research. Four are the challenges summarised in the four project work-packages below regarding sustainable mobility:
- WP1 - Smart Metal additive manufacturing for functionalised 4D structures
- WP2 - Composite Smart Structures
- WP3 - Meta-structures
- WP4 - Autonomous systems
The industrial impact of the activities carried out by DMEC mainly deals with the tertiary sector of economy (services and transports, 70% of GDP) and the secondary sector of economy (manufacturing, 20% of GDP). The activities relating to mobility produce between 15% and 20% of GDP (this applies both to Italy and Europe). In particular, the annual turnover of the companies headquartered in Lombardy is 20 billion euros for the mobility industrial sector alone – about one-third of the Italian turnover. The fifth European automotive cluster is located in Lombardy. Each euro of added value created by automotive companies in the manufacturing sector generates 2.2 euro more of added value in the economy (source: fonti Libro Bianco dei Trasporti 2011 CE, Cluster Tecnologico Nazionale della Mobilità Sostenibile, Roadmaps 2016).
The investment carried out by the MIUR on the project will have an expected overall economic multiplier equal to 3.2. This multiplier is heightened if taking into consideration the universities that play a key role for the society and local economy through education and communication.